This little hazelnut tree is growing in a farm in Northern Italy.
When mature, it will produce lots of these
But meantime it needs lots of tender loving care.
The care will be provided by a robot tractor driving carefully between the rows of trees, as seen from space
and converted to a mathematical guide
To ensure no tree is neglected because it grows in an awkward corner requires solving a notoriously challenging problem, the convex decomposition of a concave polygon, in computational geometry.
Here is a news story about a similar, but different, robot that also tends hazelnut trees in Italy. https://www.euronews.com/2019/09/02/robots-drones-and-the-future-of-farming